A definitive diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes is made by measuring an individual’s fasting blood sugar and HbA1c levels. Both these tests require blood sampling. Many people would much prefer a urine sample to be used to predict who needed to have further testing of their blood sugar and stability levels?
According to scientists at the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine and several other Japanese research centers, testing the urine pH may be a practical way to predict which particular people are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
Acidity and alkalinity are measured by pH, which stands for the “power of hydrogen.” When…
- the pH is 7.0, it is said to be neutral,
- below 7.0 is acidic, and
- above 7.0 is alkaline.
Their study, reported in the May of 2017 journal, Diabetes Research, and Clinical Practice, was inspired by earlier studies showing people who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes had a lower urine pH reading than nondiabetic individuals. The studies were cross-sectional, meaning both the pH and diabetic status were measured at the same time. Cross-sectional studies do not indicate which is the cause and which the effect. For that reason, the Japanese scientists conducted a 5-year study. Participants included 3,119 men. Within five years 113 males developed Type 2 diabetes. It was found…
- the participants with urine pH levels of 5.0 developed Type 2 diabetes at a rate of 3.4 percent.
- those participants whose urine had a pH of 5.5 developed the condition at a rate of 3.5 percent. and
- those with a urine pH 6.0 or over, developed Type 2 diabetes at a rate of 2.6 percent.
From these results, the researchers suggested urine pH can become a helpful marker for diagnosing Type 2 diabetes…
- the normal urine pH is 6.0, or slightly acidic.
- normal blood pH ranges between 7.35 and 7.45.
- the lungs and kidneys regulate the body’s pH balance. When the blood is too acidic, people who have diabetes feel starved for air (air hunger), although this is not from lack of oxygen.
- the lungs are breathing fast to blow off carbon dioxide, which raises the blood pH. The lungs are quick to react to acidic blood, while the kidneys take a little longer.
- the kidneys have tubules known as collecting ducts, which can excrete either hydrogen or bicarbonate into the urine. The kidneys raise pH levels by discharging hydrogen. They lower pH levels by excreting bicarbonate.
- red blood cells (erythrocytes) and molecules in the blood also help maintain normal blood pH.