When most people hear of diabetes, they think of Type 2. Even if an individual does not understand the disease, he is more likely to associate the disease with Type 2. This is because it is by far the most prevalent form of diabetes in our society. Type 2 diabetes makes up about 95 percent of all cases of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is different in several ways. One significant distinction between Type 1 and 2 is how the latter is the only one that can be prevented. In this case, we have full control over the development of high blood sugar levels and increasing weight around our abdominal area. And yet, it is by far the one that poses the most concerns and tends to cause the most problems on a global scale.
Type 2 diabetes can be described as a metabolic dysfunction. Over time, average blood sugar levels rise due to deteriorating insulin function. When insulin loses its efficiency, greater amounts need to be synthesized and secreted to achieve the same effect. Over a number of years, uncontrolled blood sugar can also cause serious damage to blood vessels and nerves, leading to complications such as…
- heart disease,
- loss of vision,
- kidney failure,
- amputations, and
As Type 2 diabetes develops slowly, its symptoms may not be easily detected. Increased hunger and thirst are common, but since changes in appetite and urination frequency come gradually, it may be a while before one becomes aware something is wrong. Mild exhaustion is another symptom just as difficult to detect: individuals may be more likely to attribute it to a lack of quality sleep.Generally speaking, the primary causes of this form of diabetes are adiposity and physical inactivity. Being overweight and having a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk factor. With that said, even those who are moderately active and at a reasonable weight can be afflicted. This means there are more to its cause than a simple overview could suggest. Since a healthy diet is an invaluable tool in treating rising blood sugar levels and body weight, it can be said the inverse, a poor diet, plays a role in its initial development.
There are other factors, but the main ones are above and are not beyond our control.
High and unstable blood sugar causes a series of complications that unfold gradually. Many complications require emergency interventions or pose fatal consequences. Predictably, this has adverse effects on the quality of life and lifespan of the afflicted individuals.
While entirely “reversing” diabetes may not be a realistic goal for all, improving the condition is always a feasible option. There is no cure, although it can be controlled and the complications can be avoided. Countless adults have successfully improved their condition and are now leading healthy lives despite having been diagnosed in the past.
When it comes to Type 2 diabetes, there are always decisions to be made – for better or worse.