Experimental procedure found to stabilise blood sugars in type 2 diabetes

Scientists in Amsterdam trialled a procedure on people with type 2 diabetes to great effect. The researchers have described their findings as spectacular, but the full extent of long-term safety will still need to be shown.
The results come from a study on 50 people and indicate that the technique, which takes an hour to perform, is successful even a year on.
The procedure involves inflating a balloon with hot water inside the small intestine. This burns off the mucous membrane which lines the gut and, two weeks later, a new membrane grows. This process seems to improve blood sugar control and it was found that 90% of the patients still had stable blood sugars even a year after the treatment.
They conducted the experiment to explore the association between the mucus membrane absorbing nutrients in the small intestine and insulin resistance in those with type 2 diabetes.
Professor Jacques Bergman, from the research team, said: “Because of this treatment the use of insulin can be postponed or perhaps prevented. That is promising.” Bergman added of the procedure that it was “amazing that people suffer very little from this.”
Speaking to Nederlandse Omroep Stichting, a Dutch broadcaster, he added: “With those people we see a spectacular improvement in blood sugar levels one day after the operation, before they even lose one kilo, which has put us on the track.
“Because the question now is whether this is a permanent treatment, or whether it is something that you have to keep repeating – something that in theory should be possible. We looked at whether we could stop their insulin, which is still ongoing, but the first results are truly spectacular, with the lion’s share of patients no longer using insulin after this treatment.”
The findings from the study were presented at a conference which took place this week in Vienna. Next, the researchers will conduct a bigger study involving 100 people.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or placed into remission by lowering carbohydrates. So far over 370,000 participants have signed up to the Low Carb Program developed by Diabetes.co.uk and launched on World Diabetes Day 2015.
One-year results from the Low Carb Program, published in the summer, show one in four users put their type 2 diabetes into remission, with significant reductions in weight, HbA1c and medication use.
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PCSK9 inhibitor cholesterol drugs chosen for rapid uptake in the UK

A class of expensive cholesterol-lowering drugs known as PCSK9 inhibitors have been chosen by the Accelerated Access Collaborative (AAC) to be fast-tracked into availability. Pharmaceutical companies Amgen and Sanofi both had their products, Repatha and Praluent, selected for rapid uptake status.
Cholesterol-lowering drugs are often prescribed to people with diabetes, prediabetes or metabolic syndrome who are considered at risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack or stroke.
The AAC is a collaboration between NHS organisations and industry, directed by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). It has the purpose of speeding up access to “highly transformative technologies” for NHS patients. Chosen technologies are already available to the NHS, and have an evidence base, but have seen poor uptake.
Alongside PCSK9 inhibitors, six other potentially beneficial technologies have been chosen for rapid uptake and will share the £2 million of funding released. These other technologies include Mavenclad (a multiple sclerosis medication), a test for colorectal cancer, a test for heart attack and a test for pre-eclampsia in pregnant women.
NICE have previously recommended both Praluent and Repatha, however this recommendation alone did not ensure widespread uptake across England. NICE therefore hope that this push by the AAC will allow greater access to these costly drugs.
While PCSK9 inhibitors have been shown to significantly lower levels of LDL cholesterol, concerns have been expressed over what benefit this will actually provide to patients. A study of Repatha showed a small but statistically significant reduction in risk of cardiovascular events. However, it did nothing to prevent fatal events, and there was even a greater, albeit statistically insignificant, rate of death in the group that took the drug, compared to those that did not. The study was funded by Amgen.
Commenting on these findings, Dr Aseem Malhotra, NHS consultant cardiologist, said: “NICE needs to urgently revise its recommendations on the prescription of the drug to include information that the drug will not prevent a fatal heart attack or increase a patient’s lifespan by one day.”
Though the benefits of PCSK9 inhibitors is a point of contention between academics and healthcare professionals, it is hoped that overall, the technologies chosen for rapid uptake by the AAC will offer cost-effective benefit to NHS patients.
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Foods that control diabetes

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In 1550 BC, the famous Ebers Papyrus advised treating diabetes with high fiber wheat grains. Not much has changed since then. Plant foods are the drug of choice for treating diabetes. There are large numbers of scientific research findings to confirm the effectiveness of plant foods in managing this disease. Through the centuries, more than 400 plants have been identified, used, and prescribed as diabetic remedies.

Raw onions and garlic have been long been favorite anti-diabetic drugs in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. The vegetable bitter gourd and the herb ginseng have been widely used for treating diabetes since the ancient time in India and China. Common mushroom is widely used in parts of Europe to lower blood sugar. Barely bread is a popular treatment for diabetes in Iraq. Other foods, used in different countries, in the treatment of diabetes include beans, cabbage, cinnamon, coriander seeds, cucumber, fenugreek seeds, Indian gooseberry and lettuce.

All these foods have anti-diabetic properties. Scientific research has confirmed that most of these foods, or their compounds, either lower blood sugar, or stimulate insulin production. Some of the more important foods that help to lower blood sugar or stimulate insulin production in diabetes patients are discussed here.

Artichoke is a tuberous root with a top like a sunflower. This vegetable contains good amounts of potassium, a fair amount of calcium and some iron and sulphur, all of which are needed by the body for maintaining good health.

Artichoke is beneficial in the treatment of diabetes because of its high insulin content. A fully ripe artichoke is said to contain more than two percent of insulin. Ripe artichokes are generally available only during autumn or fall. The insulin is converted into sugar in winter. Artichokes are most effective when eaten raw in salads. It cooking is required; they should be boiled, unpeeled, in a small quantity of water for about 10 minutes. Artichokes can be effectively combined with other vegetables.

 

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https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/16-best-foods-for-diabetics

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Is there a cure for diabetes?

At this time there is no known cure for Type 1 diabetes or Type 2 diabetes. However, we are funding pioneering, life-changing research into care, treatment and prevention, and working to find a cure for all types of diabetes.

Is there a cure for diabetes?
Video chat with Dr Alasdair Rankin

Is there a cure for diabetes?

At this time there is no known cure for Type 1 diabetes or Type 2 diabetes. However, we are funding pioneering, life-changing research into care, treatment and prevention, and working to find a cure for all types of diabetes.

How is diabetes treated, and is there a cure?

Currently, there is no cure for Type 1 diabetes, but it can be treated successfully by administering insulin, either by an injection or pump, and by following a healthy, balanced diet and getting regular physical activity. Looking after diabetes requires planning and attention, which may feel overwhelming at times, especially when your child is first diagnosed. However, there’s no reason for it to stop your child living the healthy, happy and successful life you had hoped for them.

Source: https://www.diabetes.org.uk/diabetes-the-basics/is-there-a-cure

 

 

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5 Ways to Manage your Diet for Diabetes

 

1. Cut back on snacks and then change the type of snacks you eat.
Certainly my biggest downfall although it wasn’t really apparent to me. When I first started at University, I had little or no routine which meant that filling my day was difficult and popping into the kitchen for a snack, no matter how healthy it felt, was a regular occurence. This is one of the hardest things to do for some people, but establishing a great routine is essential to great diabetes care. The types of snacks to be eating are unsalted nuts, dried unsweetened fruit, fresh fruit, fresh vegetables (I love fresh red pepper and cucumber), dark chocolate (richer and nicer and you only want 2 squares usually).

2. Cut back on white flour and embrace wholemeal carbs.
This is the most essential part of your diet, and the thing that can show the biggest increase in loss of weight. Some diets in fact jsut focus on this point, and are very successful. Wholemeal (especially stoneground wholemeal) is so good for you and has so much more flavour in it that switching is much easier than you think. Most people are really surprised at the ranges you can get in you supermarket, again remember that the bread that is best for you is the one that is freshest with least perservatives or added ingredients. Also, brown or basmati rice is great with a lovely nutty texture. Wholemeal pasta is great and for your potatoes I would totally recommend the smaller new potatoes.

3. Stop drinking cocktails, start drinking wine.
Cocktails are full of sugar, colourants and preservatives. As a student I have had loads of practice at going out and not drinking cocktails, so my drink of choice is Malibu and Diet Coke if I feel I have to drink something and I make it last all night. I can then top up with Diet Coke (which has almost no sugar in it) and it looks as though I am drinking Malibu, who is to know. If you are out at a restaurant, red wine is much better than anything else you can order, (except water of course!) and it has been proven that the anti-oxidants in red wine are great for keeping a healthy heart. The recommended amount is one glass a day with your evening meal.

4. Start cooking more fruit and vegetables.
Fresh fruit and vegetables are a great way to get all the vitamins and minerals you need. And there are so many different ways in which to cook vegetables, but I find that raw is the best followed closely by steamed. Both of these ways preserve all their natural goodness as well. I will follow this post with another diabetes recipes post.

5. Drink more water.
I know you have heard people say this many times before, but the benefits of drinking more water are endless. A few tips on how to get more water into your day are firstly to put bottles of water at all the places you go in the house or work. So keep one in your desk, on your desk, a glass in the kitchen, the bedroom, the sitting room, etc. Try and drink all these glasses up and you will be well on your way to 8 glasses a day. The trick is to add a glass every few days or so, if you try to drink all that water in one go you won’t be so inclined to drink 8 glasses again, trust me! Have a go, it’s amazing how great you will feel.

https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes

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Five Easy Breakfast Ideas for People With Diabetes

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You have heard it said many times; breakfast is the most important meal of the day. First, this is highly debatable. Second, you should not allow this idea to convince you to eat a large meal in the morning. Presumably, you will still be having lunch and dinner, and potentially be eating in between those meals. If you have Type 2 diabetes or would like to lose weight, it is crucial to eat less and decrease the frequency at which you eat.

Regardless, there is a “right way” to do breakfast. While there is no such thing as a diabetic diet, there are breakfast meals suited for people with Type 2 diabetes. Let us go over some of them…

1. Eggs. Let us start with the traditional option. Eggs make an excellent choice for breakfast for several reasons…

  • they are packed with nutrients,
  • they are filling, and they
  • can be prepared in a variety of ways to suit your taste.

Do not be misled by the rumors eggs are not a healthy option. Yes, they contain cholesterol but it is only a problem if your cholesterol level is excessive. Your body already produces cholesterol for physiological functions which your body regulates when you consume it.You may have a cholesterol problem, in which case you should exercise because it would make a significant difference. Still, you can have eggs every so often. Just skip the bacon.

2. Cereal. Cereal is food you have to be careful with. The vast majority are loaded with sugar which brands attempt to hide by fixing your attention on the vitamins and minerals they contain – many times in low amounts.

However, if you can find a box of cereal that is…

  • entirely whole-grain,
  • low in added sugars, and
  • high in fiber,

you have a reliable option for breakfast. A bowl of cereal and milk can be a great start to the day.3. Oatmeal. Oatmeal is very similar to cereal – avoid the kinds with needless sugar, add some milk and enjoy. Oatmeal is best consumed warm or hot, and you are free to add fruit, honey, or cinnamon. Oatmeal can help lower your cholesterol and is a high-quality carbohydrate that is easy on your blood sugar as long as you avoid the instant kind.

4. Protein Shakes. Next is a protein shake. Whether it is with milk or blended with fruit, protein shakes are not just a post-workout option but are also a good choice first thing in the morning as they tend to be low-calorie.

5. Fruit. Who said you had to have a full meal for breakfast? Fruit is an excellent choice for many people. Do not hesitate to follow it up with a protein shake – this way you will not feel the need to eat for hours.

Most people will find the above options sufficient to improve their diet. Just remember, lunch and dinner still count, so make sure you also eat well during those meals.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.

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Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Beverleigh_H_Piepers/123142

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The Diabetes Diet: should you start now to prevent type 2 diabetes?

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A type 2 diabetes diet is getting more and more important as the disease becomes increasingly common in Western society. A sound diabetes diet is needed because of increasingly bad culinary habits and lack of exercise in many people’s lives today. By eating wisely and exercising regularly, type 2 diabetes is a disease that is preventable, even though it can be very serious, but ultimately, prevention is far easier than a cure.

Type 2 diabetes can be described as the body’s incapability of managing and regulating blood glucose levels. Even though the body produces good and efficient insulin, the means whereby glucose is absorbed into the cells for metabolism breaks down and fails.

As far as diabetes goes, type 2 is the most common type of diabetes prevalent in the United States today, accounting for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes incidences. It affects nearly 21 million people in the United States alone and the frequency of the disease has soared in the last thirty years. It is normally linked to obesity, prior history of gestational diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, a family history of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, older age, physical inactivity and ethnicity. Compared with 6% prevalence in Caucasians, the incidence in African Americans and Asian Americans is estimated at approximately 10%, in Hispanics 15%, and in certain Native American communities, 20% to 50%.

If you are a person who is at risk of, or have previously been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, weight control should be of paramount importance. A diabetes diet is easy to implement and you can simply start by replacing simple carbs such as pasta and white bread with ones that take a bit longer to digest like whole grains, whole grain bread and legumes. It’s important to try and remove, if at all possible, candy and sugary sodas, as well as all kinds of processed foods but even more importantly, cut right back on your fast food intake. A diabetes diet should involve eating plenty of leafy greens, fresh fruit, and the colored variety of vegetables. Try and limit red meat intake and stick to lean cuts.

Above all, don’t give up on improving your diet. Seek professional guidance from diet planners and nutritionists if it all seems like an uphill struggle – both your health and your quality of life will thank you for it!

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The Diabetes Diet

Although a “miracle” diabetes diet does not exist to cure the disease, if you have type 2 diabetes, there are dietary rules you can follow that will ensure you stay as healthy as possible. When it comes right down to it, proper nutrition is the only “diet” you need to follow. Many people are inexperienced with following a healthy diet, but once you get into the swing of things, eating properly will become part of your lifestyle.

To start off, it’s best to follow the nutrition guidelines in the Food Pyramid, with special attention to carbohydrate intake. Also, diabetics should maintain a regular meal schedule and exercise portion control.

Starches are allowed in a diabetes diet, as long as you control portions and don’t consume too much starchy food. Starches are present in bread, cereal, and starchy vegetables.

Consume five fruits and vegetables on a daily basis. This can easily be accomplished by eating a piece of fruit for a snack several times a day, or by eating vegetables with dinner. Soups, stir-fries, and chili make good hiding places for veggies if you need clever ways to add more good stuff into your meals.

You can still eat sugars and sweets (perhaps surprisingly) with type 2 diabetes, but do so in moderation, which means once or twice a week maximum. One way to eat fewer sweets without neglecting your sweet tooth is to split a dessert in half.

Especially beneficial for diabetics are soluble fibers, so you need to get as many as these into your diet as possible. Luckily, you can find soluble fibers in many foods, including fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Soluble fibers are excellent because they aid in slowing down and reducing the absorption of glucose from the intestines. Legumes (such as cooked kidney beans) have the highest amount of soluble fibers, and also keep blood sugar levels in check. Insoluble fibers, found in bran, whole grains and nuts, are also part of a healthy diet because they work like intestinal scrubbers, by cleaning out the lower gastrointestinal tract.

For many people, contacting a dietician is the best way to put together a good diabetes diet. Everyone is different, so keeping in contact with your physician and nutrition consultant will ensure your diet plan is the optimum one for you. A professional will take into account your lifestyle, medication, weight, other medical issues, and your favorite foods to come up with a plan that will keep you healthy and satisfy your cravings for particular flavors.

 

A Healthy Weight – and Lifestyle

If you have type 2 diabetes, it’s also very important to maintain a healthy weight ( http://www.healthline.com/adamcontent/diabetes-diet ). With type 2 diabetes, added body fat actually makes it more difficult for your body to produce and use insulin. Trimming down as little as 10 or 20 pounds has the potential to improve your blood sugar significantly.

Smokers are advised to quit as soon as possible, as smoking can aggravate diabetes and make it more difficult to cope with the disease. Because diabetics often experience circulation problems in the legs and feet, smoking is a dangerous habit to continue – it decreases blood flow even more. Smoking also increases LDL cholesterol and raises the risk of heart attack and stroke.

If you keep your blood sugar under control, moderate alcohol consumption is allowed, but avoid drinking on an empty stomach, as this can lead to low blood sugar. To learn how much alcohol you can safely include in your diet, consult your doctor.

Fat and Carbs

You can control the amount of carbs you consume by practicing carbohydrate counting. This involves keeping track of the total number of grams of carbs you need to eat at meals or snacks, depending on your medication and exercise. Usually this method involves the use of a carbohydrate counting book, which you can purchase at a supermarket or bookstore.

Those with type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk for heart problems, so most physicians make a recommendation to limit fat below 30% of your total daily caloric intake – this tends to be done by eating less fat overall and staying away from saturated fat. You should also pay attention to cholesterol levels by eating smaller amounts of meat, and sticking to lean meats, such as poultry and fish.

It will take some time to adjust to your new diabetes diet and healthy lifestyle, especially if you haven’t followed healthy living practices in the past, but the results will be worth the effort. Not only will you be able to better manage your diabetes, but you will also become a much healthier person.

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7 Healthy Foods to Help You Burn Calories

You may be aware that certain foods can help boost your metabolism and cut down on your body fat. Yes, there are some fat burning foods that help create a thermogenic effect in your body which can play a pivotal role in helping you lose weight.

Weight management is very important as it impacts every aspect of your life… social, physical, and emotional. If you eat a healthy diet, you will considerably lower down your odds of suffering from various health issues including heart disease and diabetes. So, let’s discuss the top 7 healthy foods that help burn that extra flab off your body.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

This is a pantry staple that helps you burn extra fat by cutting down you sugar cravings. When you consume apple cider vinegar before having your meal, it will make you feel fuller with less food. In addition, it is also a natural method of detoxing your body and balancing pH of your stomach. Since the vinegar is highly acidic, make sure you only add a tablespoon or two into a glass of water prior to drinking.

In addition to fat loss, there are additional benefits of apple cider –

  • Improves PCOS symptoms.
  • Kills harmful bacteria and viruses.
  • Reduces insulin and blood sugar.
  • Decreases cholesterol levels.
  • Lowers blood pressure.
  • Lower fasting blood sugar.
  • Improves insulin sensitivity.

2. Bone Broth

Using chicken or beef bones to make soup stock can have a lot of health benefits. These types of bone broth contain lots of amino acids so it plays an important role in cutting down the fat from your body.

Following are some of the key benefits of bone broth:

  • Protects joints – Bone broth is a natural source of collagen, a protein found in the vertebrae of animals – in their cartilage, bones, tendons, skin, and ligaments. When we get older, our joints tend to get weak so make sure you add bone broth to your diet.
  • Maintains healthy skin – With the help of collagen, elastin is formed along with various other compounds within the skin. All this really helps in maintaining texture, tone, and youthfulness of the skin. Collagen is also helpful in reducing puffiness and signs of aging.
  • Supports healthy functioning of the immune system – Bone broth offers gut-supportive benefits which supports the healthy functioning of your immune system.

3. Chia Seeds

Originally grown in Mexico, these seeds are known for its rich nutritional value and also as a fat burning food. Consuming chia seeds will boost your energy level and your endurance. Since chia seeds has high fiber content, it keeps you fuller for a longer, thereby prevents overeating.

4. Chicken Breast

If you are looking to burn calories, then chicken breast is the perfect fat-burning food. Just three ounces of chicken gives you 37% of your body’s daily recommended amount of protein. This will make your body feel energized throughout the day. The main reason chicken breast protein helps in weight loss is that it is rich in leucine. It is a well-known amino acid that keeps the muscles lean which, in turn, burns more calories.

Make sure you opt for locally grown and organic chicken that cuts out fillers and preservatives.

5. Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is known to contain key fatty acids called Medium Chain Fatty Acids. These fatty acids help to keep you full so that you eat fewer calories. These fatty acids assist your body to effectively burn around 120 calories more every single day. The best thing about coconut oil is that it helps you lose belly fat and visceral fat. These are the most rigid type of fat that also surrounds your internal organs and are the most difficult to lose.

6. Grapefruit

Not many people are aware grapefruit is one of the best fat-burning foods. The enzymes present in grapefruits help your body to break down sugar and boost your metabolism. Make sure you add a slice of grapefruit to your breakfast or squeeze some fresh grapefruit juice into your smoothie.

7. Whey Protein

You can also add whey protein to your smoothie which usually comes in a powder. Whey protein helps to cut down body fat, boosts muscle tone, and alleviate high blood sugar.

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Type 2 Diabetes and Weight Loss – Tracking Calories Versus Portion Sizes

Bildresultat för Type 2 Diabetes and Weight Loss - Tracking Calories Versus Portion Sizes

If you have been around the diet block more than once, you have likely counted calories a day or two in your life. You know one of the requirements of losing weight is taking in fewer calories than you burn off over the course of the day.

Therefore tracking calories seems to be the smart thing to do. But for some people, tracking calories is more headache than it is worth. They become overwhelmed by figuring out how many calories are in every food they eat and they never venture into trying new recipes as they feel it is more hassle than it is worth.

So, in these situations, tracking portions proves to be more natural and is often more enjoyable as well.

Here is how to go about tracking portions instead…

1. Know You Are Counting On Averages. First, remember when you are monitoring portion sizes, you are counting on the rule of averages. For instance, if you eat one portion of codfish versus one piece of salmon, both are going to have different total calorie intakes. Because salmon is a fattier fish and therefore contains more calories per ounce, you will take in more calories with salmon.

But, in the end, as long as you eat a varied diet, it will all round out to about the same. So you are banking on the average coming in at right about what you need.

2. Listen To Your Body. Second, make sure you are listening to your body. You want to let your hunger guide you to some degree. Do count those portions, but do not be afraid to use a slightly smaller amount if you are not feeling starving. Perhaps you ate a few more calories last serving and this is now coming into play. By letting hunger dictate your portion sizes to some degree, you will help to prevent eating more than you should.

Likewise, if you are feeling hungrier, let yourself have that extra bit as well. If you are listening to your hunger, once again, this will all balance out.

3. Weigh For The First Two Weeks. Finally, to make using portion sizes easier, you might want to weigh your food for the first few weeks. Really dial in and see if those portion sizes are in fact what you think they are.

Once you do this, you should be better at eyeballing your best serving sizes and will be less likely to slip up and make a mistake somewhere along the way.

Keep these tips in mind as you go about using portion sizes to gauge how much to eat to help you lose weight. If you do not want to count calories, don’t. There are other ways.

Although managing your disease can be very challenging, Type 2 diabetes is not a condition you must just live with. You can make simple changes to your daily routine and lower both your weight and your blood sugar levels. Hang in there, the longer you do it, the easier it gets.

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